An autism diagnosis can still be difficult to obtain despite the studies that have assisted people better understand autism. The reason is because there are many factors that need to become considered when making a diagnosis.
First of all, there is certainly more than one type of autism disorder plus there are other disabilities that are closely associated with autism such as Asperger’s Syndrome plus Pervasive Development Disorder- Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Second, autism is particularly difficult to diagnose in young children, because of the fact that they are still developing speech plus reasoning skills.
Therefore , since an autism diagnosis can be a challenge, being a parent, it is essential that you have your child’s growth, social and communication skills properly evaluated and accessed by a physician.
How is autism diagnosed? Usually a good autism diagnosis is made when an individual shows signs of 6 or more associated with 12 specific symptoms characteristic of the disorder. The 12 main symptoms are focused in three primary areas –
1 . Social conversation – Autistics generally have little interest in others and pay little if any attention to those who may be present in the room with them, regardless of their age. They do not seek comfort if they are troubled or hurt and prefer to be on their own. On the other hand, autistics that do show an interest in interpersonal interaction have difficulty initiating contact with other people and developing friendships. It is also typical for an autistic to avoid eye contact.
2 . Behavior – Most autistics find change and new situations to become incredibly stressful. In addition , they tend to build up unusual rituals or routines and repetitious physical gestures such as rocking back and forth, flapping the hands, etc .
3. Communication – It is estimated that 50% of those diagnosed with autism are unable to create speech, and those who do can not engage in long conversations unless they are based on extremely specific topics insisted upon by the autistic.
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Autistics often tend to echo words or key phrases and have difficulty with pitch plus changing the inflection of their sculpt.
There should be at least 2 symptoms existing from social interaction, and at least one symptom from both behaviour and communication for an autism analysis to be made. Hence, if an individual exhibits some of the symptoms, but does not meet the criteria for an autism disorder, they may then be diagnosed with another comparable disability such as Asperger’s syndrome or PDD-NOS.
The following are 5 tips mother and father can keep in mind when talking using a health care provider to ensure their child receives a suitable evaluation:
1 . Find out everything there is to known about autism – In order to talk to doctors and get the most effective evaluation of your child, you have to educate yourself about autism and understand what to ask. You should never seek an autism diagnosis if you have no idea what the condition is all about. This will make it easier for a doctor to generate a wrong medical diagnosis.
2 . Analyze your child’s behaviour : Based on the information regarding social connection, behaviour and communication above, cautiously analyze and make note of the child’s behaviour in a journal. Study how your child interacts with others and present your findings to the doctor.
3. Find a health care professional who might be experienced with autism diagnosis – It is very important find someone who has had experience within autism diagnosis. You should not rely on the particular advice or diagnosis of a doctor who is not specialized in this field. The simplest way to find a doctor is to locate a nearby support group and find out what doctors other parents take their autistic children to.
4. Ask questions – Asking and answering questions is usually part of effective evaluation. The more information you obtain and the more detailed answers you can provide your doctor about your child’s behaviour helps assist in diagnosis.
5. Get a second opinion – If you don’t consider a doctor’s opinion or would like more assurance, don’t be afraid in order to question the doctor’s diagnosis or even treatment recommendations, and seek the advice of another health care provider. Physicians are human beings, and can be incorrect. Consulting with other doctors is not a bad idea.